Animal Study Guide

Basic needs of animals-what animals need to survive Water, food, shelter, suitable environment
Adaptation-different ways of acting or parts of living things that help them survive in certain environment Ex: Polar bear-thick fur Brown bear-short legs, large feet Alligator, snapping turtle-tricks prey
Learned behavior-behavior develop after birth Ex: Dog sitting, staying
Instinctive behavior-behavior that living things are born with Ex: Pups playing/biting, time to eat, keeping safe
Vertebrates (five different kinds)-animals with a backbone -mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish Ex: humans, snakes, fish, horses, hippos, lizards
Invertebrates-animals that have no backbone Ex: Spiders, mites, insects, snails, slugs
Producers-all plants that make their own food, need the sun Ex: Grass, algae, crops
Consumers-eats other organisms Ex: Rabbits, people, fish, foxes
Herbivore-eats only plants Ex: Rabbits, elephants, mice, grasshopper
Carnivore-eats only meat Ex: Tigers, owls, snakes, fox, frogs
Omnivore-eats plants and meats Ex: Bears, squirrels, turtles, humans
Predator-animals that hunt other animals Ex: Rattlesnake, tiger, humans
Prey-animals that are hunted Ex: Turkey, chicken, fish
Food chain-diagram that shows how food moves through a community
Food web-community arrangement of many food chains
Community-plants and animals that live in one place Ex: Rainforest, desert, mountains, forest